Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a disulfide-linked heterodimer which consists of a unique p19 subunit and the p40 subunit of IL-12. IL-23 is a proinflammatory cytokine, which is produced by macrophages and dendritic cells upon infections with certain pathogens. The IL-23 receptor is expressed on Th17 cells and IL-23 is responsible for Th17 expansion and stabilization.
All kits include a recombinant cytokine standard. No international standard exists for calibration.